According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA) the cost was $61.8 / bbl on 14 October. A good starting point is to find out what jet fuel costs today. Beyond what is discussed in the text, just look at these numbers for offshore wind and solar thermal. As gasoline prices increase, alternative fuels appeal more to vehicle fleet managers and consumers. Diesel, Kerosene, and Jet-A are all examples of such fuels. Calculating LCOE is a bit of a black art since it involves assumptions about the future cost of fuel for fossil based systems and assumptions about future manufacturing cost, life span and capacity factors for renewable based systems. Values shown for the previous month may be revised to account for late … The starting point is always to get pure CO2 and H2. < $20 / MWh is the magic number that would make Audi’s e diesel and Extra Virgin Jet Fuel competitive with fossil fuels. The other approach is to tackle the cost of the electricity  consumed. Luckily there is no tax on jet fuel and working with tax free barrels makes this analysis cleaner than working with taxed litres as was the case with diesel. Alternative fuel fleets can obtain significantly lower fuel prices than those reported by entering into contracts directly with local fuel suppliers. The lighter weight means it contains slightly less energy – about 135,000 BTU per gallon vs… Half the people will say ‘don’t worry, you’ll be fine’. We simply multiply the $/MWh by 3.3 to get $ / bbl of jet fuel. VW-Audi says to mix up to 30% regular gasoline to the fuel in their diesel engined cars for cold weather operation. The numbers may seem unbelievable but bear in mind the enormous mass advantage that HAWP has over ground turbines (20 versus 1300 tonnes) and the higher capacity factor of HAWP both of which feed directly into a lower LCOE. Kero has less paraffin than regular diesel, so doesn't gel as quickly, to plug fuel filters on diesel vehicles. In addition to CO2, the cells produced H2 at the cathode as a by-product. The liquid fuel challenge may be addressed in two ways. Kerosene is also called #1 diesel fuel oil, whereas regular diesel is designated as #2 diesel fuel oil. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(68152, '68ea1361-b33e-40e3-8b59-e9d7035215ce', {}); Putting Kerosene In Your Diesel Engine or Tank. HAWP estimates from KiteGen (internal documentation) and Makani (video interview with Corwin Hardman). Figure 1 The cost of jet fuel on 14 October 2016 from IATA. The figures 20 to 7 are based on mid maturity of the technology with between 50 ($20) and 5000 ($7) machines deployed. The most common concern cited is the dry burn of kerosene that may damage fuel pumps. Kerosene is a lighter diesel oil than #2, hence why it is designated as #1 diesel. Others cite the fact that kerosene has less energy value, and so would not burn at a hotter temperature. In the really cold weather climates, it can be more cost effective to use kerosene as a mixer, rather than a cold flow polymer. We offer tips on vehicle maintenance and fuel use and update you on fuel-related news. While progress is being made in the quest for CO2 neutral electricity it is proving more challenging to develop CO2 neutral liquid fuel. In the summer of 2009 a standard commercially available chlorine dioxide cell and an electro-deionization cell were modified to function as electrochemical acidification cells. Some people will cite additional parts that will wear, like rings and gaskets and valves. Given enough money, Man can just about achieve anything. In that post I used Robert Rapier’s energy consumption figures and I have checked with him that these are transferable from diesel to kerosene (jet fuel). The main cost centre is the electricity consumed where, for example using onshore wind as the source would lead to Jet A1 costing over $200 / bbl compared with $62 / bbl today. Most methods for production of synfuel employ variants of the Fischer – Tropsch reaction: Where n is typically between 10 and 20. Some people will cite kerosene as a hotter-burning fuel than #2 diesel, with subsequent concerns about burning out rings. The public are more accustomed to knowing the price of oil. State Regular Mid-Grade Premium Diesel ; Alaska : $2.513 : $2.648 : $2.807 Do you own or work for a business that uses fuel? Using the novel cells both dissolved and bound CO2 were recovered from seawater by re-equilibrating carbonate and bicarbonate to CO2 gas at a seawater pH below 6. Diesel prices have increased 0.7p from 117.5 p/litre to 118.2 p/litre; The price difference between diesel and unleaded has shrunk to 3.7 p/litre; National and Regional Petrol. Image from Smithsonian.]. The US Navy describes their process as follows: NRL has made significant advances developing carbon capture technologies in the laboratory. Figure 1 The cost of jet fuel on 14 October 2016 from IATA. It is clearly important to discover which is energetically more efficient. Is used to "winterize" diesel. If you love your vehicle, you'll love our blog. High cost, in general terms, is the cancer running through most Green Tech solutions from solar panels to electric cars and batteries. [Image from US Navy research test flying a model P-51 Mustang powered by fuel made from seawater derivatives. Kerosene can be mixed with diesel fuel to gain a couple of benefits. This is part of the reason kerosene burns drier, with less lubricity, than #2 diesel. See all price reports. For jet fuel the reaction may be summarised thus: Note that the reaction uses CO (carbon monoxide) and not CO2. Figure 2 The Audi process uses well established chemical engineering processes. Click image to download live UK grid data, Per Capita Energy Consumption North America, Per Capita Energy Consumption South America, Per Capita Energy Consumption Former Soviet Union, Per Capita Energy Consumption Middle East, Per Capita Energy Consumption Asia Pacific, Refinery Output and Product Demand North America, Refinery Output and Product Demand Europe, Refinery Output and Product Demand Middle East, Refinery Output and Product Demand Asia Pacific, Drone Strike on Saudi Arabia Knocks out 5% of Global Oil Supplies, Grazing, desertification and climate change. High altitude wind power is the only show in town that holds any promise. But less total energy only means that if you burned a gallon of kerosene, you would get less total heat than if you burned a gallon of regular on-road diesel. Highest – London has recorded the highest price for unleaded at 115.8 p/litre. Note that by far the largest energy cost is the electrolysis of water consuming 73% of the total energy budget. Know, though, that you will lose fuel efficiency by doing so. We can deduce that $12.19 (19.7%) is the refining and transport cost of the jet fuel. This employs the same methodology as used in my Audi e diesel post. But this will inevitably at some point meet a thermodynamic barrier that cannot be crossed. 1) The energy required to separate CO2 from air. According to the EIA, Brent was trading at $48.87 and WTI $50.35 on that day, the average = $49.61. UK Government to Announce New Energy Policies, Waking into our new volatile age of oil prices. The Alternative Fuel Price Report is a snapshot in time of retail fuel prices. Click here for Important Information for Critical Infrastructure Entities during the COVID-19 pandemic. While the late Corwin Hardman of Google Makani claims $30 / MWh for their system that may be less efficient than KiteGen’s. Erik Bjornstad. Notes: Values shown for the current month are preliminary. This is bound to end in tears. It is absolutely true that kerosene contains less total energy than #2. But this is UK, Scottish and EU government policy. The rule of thumb is that mixing in ten percent kerosene will lower the cold filter plugging point of a diesel fuel blend by five degrees. Without the lubricity, fuel pumps experience a lot of wear and may burn out when running on kerosene. The cost of synfuel can be attacked from two directions. Other HAWP players make similar claims: Much lower Levelised Cost of Energy (LCoE) than conventional wind and other renewables.